Wave 1 Initial Findings | Briefing

Briefing No. 2 - Education recovery and catch up

Published: 13.10.2022

Authors: Rebecca Montacute, Erica Holt-White, Jake Anders, Carl Cullinane, Alice De Gennaro, Erin Early, Xin Shao and James Yarde


Thomson, D. (2021). Exploring persistent absence. FFT Education Datalab.


Department for Education (2022). Pupil absence in schools in England: autumn term.


Sutton Trust (2022). School Disruption January 2022.


Education Endowment Foundation (2022). The Impact of COVID-19 on Learning: A review of the evidence. London: Education Endowment Foundation.


Her Majesty’s Treasury (2021) Autumn budget and spending review 2021. A stronger economy for the British people.


Crenna-Jennings, W., Perera, N. and Sibieta, L. (2021). Education recovery and resilience in England. Education Policy Institute.


Holt-White, E. and Montacute, R. (2022). A levels and university access 2022. Sutton Trust.


All analysis looking at ethnicity throughout this briefing is from the following: Anders, J., De Gennaro, A., Shao, X., & Yarde, J. (2022). Differences by ethnicity in young people’s educational experiences and wellbeing in the aftermath of COVID-19. COSMO Technical Note 1. London: UCL Centre for Education Policy and Equalising Opportunities & Sutton Trust.


Parental occupation is derived using NS-SEC, divided into three categories. For more information on NS-SEC, please see the link below.


Note: Elsewhere in this briefing, the group ‘routine/manual occupation/ those who have never worked’ is shortened for readability to routine/manual occupation. This group is sometimes also referred to as ‘working class’.


For example: Nguyen, L., Drew, D., Graham, M., Joshi, A., Guo, C-G., Ma, W. (2020). Risk of COVID-19 among front-line health-care workers and the general community: a prospective cohort study. The Lancet Public Health. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468- 2667(20)30164-X/fulltext and Mutambudzi, M., Niedzwiedz, C., Macdonald, E., Leyland, A., Mair, F., Anderson, J., Celis-Morales, C., Cleland, J., Forbes, J., Gill, J., Hastie, C., Ho, F., Jani, B., Nicholl, B., O’Donnell, C., Sattar, N., Welsh, P., Pell, J., Katikireddi, V. and Demou, E. (2022) Occupation and risk of severe COVID-19: prospective cohort study of 120 075 UK Biobank participants. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, BMJ Journals. https://oem.bmj.com/content/78/5/307.


Education Endowment Foundation (2022, September 26). One to one tuition. Teaching and Learning Toolkit. https://educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk/education-evidence/teaching- learning-toolkit/one-to-one-tuition and Education Endowment Foundation (2022, September 26) Small group tuition. Teaching and Learning Toolkit. https://educationendowmentfoundation. org.uk/education-evidence/teaching-learning-toolkit/small-group-tuition.


Graph based on multiple survey questions, individual question Ns as follows; Additional online classes you could watch, re-watch or join from home, on top of usual timetable N=9,779; Additional in-person classes or support on top of usual timetable N=9,786; Extra tuition or support in pairs or small groups arranged by school N=9,675; Additional classes during school holidays or at weekends – either online or in person N=9,681 Extra one-to-one or individual tuition or support arranged by school N=9,687.


Sutton Trust (2019). Private tuition 2019.


Including Autumn term September to December 2020, during the second school closures in early 2021, and when school’s reopened in March to July 2021.


Adams, R. (2022). National tutoring scheme failing disadvantaged pupils, says MPs. The Guardian.


Anders, J., Calderwood, L., Crawford, C., Cullinane, C., Goodman, A., Macmillan, L., Patalay, P. & Wyness, G. (2022). COVID Social Mobility and Opportunities Study: Wave 1, 2021- 2022. [data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 9000, DOI: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-9000-1.